It was a period during which he clearly saw the approaching Nazi danger and during which his speeches — in fact his greatest — warned a heedless polity of its reckless course. What separated Churchill from his contemporaries was his recognition from on that Nazi Germany represented a terrifying strategic and moral danger.
Austria-Hungary collapsed by and the map of Europe was re-drawn with the creation of new states from the remains of the old. Each national group was determined to achieve independence from imperial interference. This was known as the right of National Self-Determination.
However, in each of the new countries minorities felt that their rights were not recognised properly. The Ottoman Empire was destroyed. By the treaty of SevresTurkey was cut back tosquare miles and its territory in the Middle East was given as mandates to Britain and France. Greece declared war in to gain land from Turkey, but was beaten.
By the treaty of Lausanne Turkey agreed to give up its North African territories and its Arabian kingdoms. One and half million Greeks and Turks were swapped between Greece and Turkey.
Today this would be called ethnic cleansing.
Russia had surrendered to Germany in and lost huge territories by the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk In Novemberthe Bolsheviks seized power in Russia.
The Bolsheviks were communists, committed to the creation of a classless society. Russia was not invited to the Paris Peace Conference because the other Great Powers feared communism and because Russia continued to fight a civil war until The treaty of Versailles punished Germany harshly.
The other treaties were even more severe to Austria-Hungary, Turkey and Bulgaria. Russia lost a great deal while communism was being established. Britain and France were weakened by the war and had to borrow money from the USA to help rebuild.
Compare this map of Europe inwith the one in Make sure you are familiar with these territorial changes. A good knowledge of these maps will help you greatly. In February he had put forward a proposal for peace known as the Fourteen Points.
When Germany signed the Armstice inthey believed that the peace deal would be based on the Fourteen points. As you will know Germany and Austria-Hungary were dealt with severely. However, the League of Nations did come into existence. The League of Nations was established so that the Great Powers and other member countries could discuss issues rather than resort to war.
The League also had other responsibilities e.
But, the League had a number of fatal weaknesses. First, three important countries were not part of the League: It may seem surprising that the USA was not in the League, but although Wilson wanted American membership, many leading American politicians wanted to keep out of international affairs.
This policy of keeping to themselves was known as isolationism. In fact Wilson had had a lot of trouble getting the USA into the War in ; President Roosevelt faced a similar problem between Germany was not allowed to join initially as one of the punishments imposed by the Treaty of Versailles.
Germany was a member from Japan left in and Italy in A second fatal weakness was the fact that the League of Nations did not have an army. If a conflict arose, member states had to supply forces at their own expense.
All were reluctant to do so, especially Britain and France who were effectively the only strong countries in the League. How could the League enforce its will? Economic sanctions were one method of control, but these were usually ineffective if non-League countries could supply goods instead.Throughout his career, Churchill was a supporter of the Roman saying: ‘If you wish peace, then prepare for war.’ The s certainly lived up to his fears of the consequences of not following such a path.
appeasers’ objection to a hard policy toward Germany — an approach that might result in war. debates after March drove. HMS Irresistible sinks after.
quotations and the main facts an analysis of the british and french attitude toward pre war germany in s of his life Stalin's death Key Stage 3 GCSE British History An analysis of auto industry A an analysis of the british and french attitude toward pre war germany in s Latest breaking news.
the impact of. During the war, the British and French blockade of Germany resulted in an epidemic of chronic malnutrition in the Germany and Austria that was widely blamed for killing at least , people.
In comparison, France, Great Britain, and the United States controlled huge tracts of agricultural territory and dominated the shipping lanes. British And French Attitude Toward Pre-war Germany Britain and France towards German Policy () Both the British and the French had different attitudes toward pre-war Germany, but still kept the same interest in maintaining peace.
The British took a more trusting approach on the Germa. Close analysis shows that the attached World War II propaganda poster is one such image (Figure 1). This poster, titled This is the Enemy, circulated in . Why Great Britain Followed a Policy of Appeasement Toward Germany in the s?
Essay Sample The appeasement policy, which can be defined as a diplomatic policy that hopes of preventing war by making concessions to an aggressor, was displayed by Great Britain towards Germany in the preface to World War II.