This is the text of my keynote speech at the 34th Chaos Communication Congress in Leipzig, December
Early history[ edit ] Elizabeth Magie's board design The history of Monopoly can be traced back to  when American anti-monopolist Elizabeth Magie created a game which she hoped would explain the single tax theory of Henry George.
It was intended as an educational tool to illustrate the negative aspects of concentrating land in private monopolies. She took out a patent in Her game, The Landlord's Gamewas self-published, beginning in Cardboard houses were added, and rents were increased as they were added to a property.
Magie patented the game again in After the meal, the Todds introduced Darrow to The Landlord's Game, which they then played several times.
The game was entirely new to Darrow, and he asked the Todds for a written set of the rules. After that night, Darrow went on to utilize this and distribute the game himself as Monopoly.
Because of this act the Todds refused to speak to Darrow ever again. They were distributed to prisoners by British Secret Service—created fake charity groups. The case went to trial in Anspach won on appeals inas the 9th Circuit Court determined that the trademark Monopoly was generic and therefore unenforceable.
This decision was overturned by the passage of Public Law in However, Anti-Monopoly was exempted from the law and Anspach later reached a settlement with Hasbro and markets his game under license from them. Hasbro moved to create and license other versions and involve the public in varying the game.
Monopoly character then known as "Rich Uncle Pennybags" were added in that same time-frame.
Traditionally, the Community Chest cards were yellow although they were sometimes printed on blue stock with no decoration or text on the back; the Chance cards were orange with no text or decoration on the back.
Standard Edition of the game inwith some minor revisions. Monopoly box All the Chance and Community Chest cards received a graphic upgrade in as part of the graphic refresh of the game.
Monopoly's classic line illustration was also now usually replaced by renderings of a 3D Mr. The backs of the cards have their respective symbols, with Community Chest cards in blue, and Chance cards in orange. Charles Place no longer exists, as the Showboat Atlantic City was developed where it once ran.Abstract: We're living in yesterday's future, and it's nothing like the speculations of our authors and film/TV caninariojana.com a working science fiction novelist, I take a professional interest in how we get predictions about the future wrong, and why, so that I can avoid repeating the same mistakes.
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