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General Guidelines Examples General Guidelines By carefully documenting your sources, you acknowledge intellectual debts and provide readers with information about the materials you consulted during your research.
Methods for citing primary sources e. The discipline in which you are writing and class requirements will determine the citation system you should use. Typical elements of a citation include: For primary sources published online, a citation would include: Elements of a citation are usually listed from the most specific to the most general.
For examples of online primary source citations, please consult our Citation Guide for the March on Milwaukee Digital Collection. The following citation guidelines for primary sources are based on those in the Chicago Manual of Style, which you should consult for more detailed information.
In a footnote or endnote, the main element of a primary source citation is usually a specific item, which is cited first. If the specific item lacks a formal title, you may create one e. Descriptive titles of this kind are not usually enclosed in quotation marks or italicized.
Include information about the specific location of an item in a collection by designating box and folder numbers. Campbell to James Groppi, Oct. The writer announces the use of short forms in a parenthetical statement at the end of the first citation, as follows: In a bibliography, the main element is usually the title of the collection in which the specific item may be found, the author s of the items in the collection, or the repository of the collection.
Specific items are not usually mentioned in a bibliography. We recommend using the collection title as the main element of the citation. Archives Department staff will gladly provide further guidance on citing primary sources in your research papers.
Diary,box 3, vol. Norman Adelman, interview by Michael A. Boycott of MacDowell School construction site, Dec. Johnston, John, Family Papers. Kander, Lizzie Black, Papers. Milwaukee Journal Stations Records. Milwaukee Mss Collection UWM Mss Collection University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Libraries.
Chicago Manual of Style, 15th ed. University of Chicago Press, Examples also available here with campus subscription to the Chicago Manual of Style Online. Note that Chicago provides specific guidelines for citing interviews and personal communications Examples are available for both unpublished interviews and personal communications with campus subscription to the Chicago Manual of Style Online.In Chicago style, footnotes or endnotes are used to reference pieces of work in the text.
To cite from a source a superscript number is placed after a quote or a paraphrase. Citation numbers should appear in . Chicago-Style Citation Quick Guide A quick guide to the two basic documentation systems in the Chicago Manual of Style: (1) notes and bibliography (used in literature, history, and the arts) and (2) author-date (used in the physical, natural, and social sciences).
A University of Lethbridge Library guide to Chicago Manual of Style citations. This handout is intended to be a brief overview of basic in-text citation and References Cited style rules.
Consult the AAA Style Guide for tips on grammar, punctuation, The Basics: In-Text Citations (see Chicago ). To cite personal. Chicago-Style Citation Quick Guide A quick guide to the two basic documentation systems in the Chicago Manual of Style: (1) notes and bibliography (used in literature, history, and the arts) and (2) author-date (used in the physical, natural, and social sciences).
Chicago style generally discourages the use of indirect sources (secondary citations). Try to find the original source and cite it instead.
However, if the original source is unavailable to you, both the original and secondary sources must be listed in the notes using “quoted in.”.