Leadership theory Introduction A person can be a good manager, but not necessarily a good leader; another person might be a good leader, but might not a good manager.
In his book, Mirror for Man, Clyde Kluckhohn presents his views Different behavioral pattern essay the development of culture. Kluckhohn believes that culture develops out of a combination of human nature, human biology, and the laws of nature.
There are vast differences in the habits of the different peoples of the world. An example could be the eating patterns of Americans compared with those of Europeans.
Another could be the attitudes of American students compared with the attitudes of Asian students. At the same time, there are some characteristics which are present in all societies, such as peer pressure. In my opinion Clyde Kluckhohn is correct when he states that human behavior is affected by both human nature and human biology.
Kluckhohn gives several examples from his life experience illustrating how two cultures can have very different behavior patterns. During a recent trip to West Germany, I encountered a similar difference.
I quickly discovered that the most striking difference between the eating habits of Americans and German was the way in which the knife and fork were used. In Germany most people eat with their fork in their left hand and their knife in their right hand.
In addition the fork is almost always used upside down and the knife is used as a "pusher", much like Americans use bread. When I questioned a German friend about this difference I was surprised by her response. She explained that the "German" style of eating was the only "civilized" way and that the "American" style was "sloppy" and "Barbarian".
Another example of cultural differences could be the educational attitudes of Americans as opposed to those of many Asians. Many people in the United States are surprised and alarmed by the high test score and college admissions averages of Asian students in contrast to the falling averages of students of other ethnic backgrounds, including white.
This discrepancy is directly related to cultural differences between American and many Asian nations. In most Asian cultures education is strongly encouraged and supported and has been for generations.
On the other hand, in America education is often a low priority. Many American students look at school as a burden rather than a chance to gain knowledge. At the same time, many American parents reinforce this attitude because they were raised with a similar belief. Kluckhohn is careful to point out that there are characteristics which are present in all cultures.
These similarities are the result of human biology, rather than the result of training or "upbringing". An example would be the fact that all infants cry when they are hungry.
This is a biological necessity because the human infant is totally dependant on its parents. Another example would be the concept of "peer pressure". Because humans are social creatures who need to live in groups, whether families, tribes, or nations, most people feel at some point a desire to conform to what is expected.
The different cultures of the human species vary in many ways, from eating habits to religion.
At the same time their are many similarities in these diverse cultures. I have experienced these differences and similarities both first and second hand. Essay 4 presents a competent response to the text and the topic. It goes on to illustrate how different ways of using knives and forks both seem right to Germans and Americans, and to show how the value given to education in their two cultures accounts for the differing levels of educational attainment reached by Asian and American young people.
While Essay 4 begins stiffly and lacks the fluency and complexity of Essays 1, 2, and 3, its writer consistently chooses words that convey its ideas economically and precisely and uses sentences that employ parallel structure and subordination to reinforce them.
Essay 5 Score 5: Why do men do the things they do? Professor Kluckhohn attempts to explore, define and explain the answer to this complex question in one brief passage. He reasons that we are all given the same basic biological "tools" at birth, so it should follow then, that we should all behave in similar ways.
But, because of "culture", defined as "the total life way of a people", we do not react to similar situations in exactly the same way. Then he shares an anecdote of an American man who was raised as a Chinese.
Lastly, he tells a tale of a woman serving rattlesnake sandwiches to her guests.
Leadership behavior theory focuses on the behavior of the leader, the leader of what to do and how to act, but also pay attention to the leaders actually do, rather than their quality. Contingency Theory Contingency theory is not a leadership style, and these properties are leadership, make-up leader, face a different set of tasks. Essay on Software Design Pattern In our minds, the Bridge can be considered as either a Structural or Behavioral pattern. As a structural pattern, it allows the use of two different. Behavioral Pattern of Different Individuals Academic Essay Conflict theory often overlaps labeling theory. Both theories provide an explanation of behavior in the context of .
After each example he points out that it is a persons upbringing and way of life that dictates how he or she will act in or react to a given situation.The pattern is designed to compel the reader to make some kind of change in opinion or behavior by establishing that a problem exists, then providing a solution.
In the problem section, the writer identifies different aspects of the problem being discussed and offers evidence of these problems.
Design Pattern Tutorial Essay Design Patterns in Java In our minds, the Bridge can be considered as either a Structural or Behavioral pattern. As a structural pattern, it allows the use of two different, given, implementation in the same way. People from different countries have different behavioral pattern, depending upon their culture, values and ethics.
They develop their mannerism from these factors. Cognitive- Behavioral therapy can be used in any situation in which there is a pattern of unwanted behavior accompanied by stress and impairment. Many people are recommended treatment option to help change the individuals cognitive patters in order to change his or her behavior and emotional state.
Culture is the characteristic of group of people defined by everything such as language, religion, lifestyle etc. Different people in different societies have different culture but they also have some similarities. The culture varies in different things such as clothes, foods, religion and many others.
Figure: Six approaches to Personality”Personality can be defined as consistent behavior pattern and intrapersonal processes originating within the individual” (Burger, , p.
4). But this being said, there is no single answer how to describe human personality.