Melanie klien and psychology

Spaltung [19] of consciousness, not with Janet as the product of innate weakness, but as the result of inner conflict.

Melanie klien and psychology

See Article History Alternative Title: The youngest child of a Viennese dental surgeon, Klein expressed an early interest in medicine but abandoned her plans when she married at The marriage, though unhappy, produced three children.

Ferenczi urged her to study the psychoanalysis of young children, and in she produced her first paper in the field.

Melanie klien and psychology

Two years later she was invited by Karl Abraham to join the Berlin Psychoanalytic Institute, remaining there untilwhen she moved to London.

In The Psychoanalysis of Childrenshe presented her observations and theory of child analysis. Her object-relations theory related ego development during this period to the experience of various drive objects, physical objects that were associated with psychic drives.


In early development, she found, a child relates to parts rather than to complete objects—for example, to the breast rather than to the mother. This unstable and primitive mode of identification was termed by Klein the paranoid-schizoid position.

The next development phase is the depressive position, in which the infant comes to relate to whole objects, such as the mother or father. Beginning in Klein used her work with adult patients to clarify and extend her ideas on infant and childhood anxiety, presenting her views in a number of papers and a book, Envy and Gratitude Her final work, published posthumously inNarrative of a Child Analysis, was based on detailed notes taken during Learn More in these related Britannica articles:Melanie Klien and Psychology 1- Melanie Klein claimed that in their earliest stages of infantile psychic life, they go through a complete development, through certain position.

Splitting is a relatively common defense mechanism for people with borderline personality disorder. One of the DSM IV-TR criteria for this disorder is a description of splitting: "a pattern of unstable and intense interpersonal relationships characterized by alternating between extremes of idealization and devaluation".

In psychoanalytic theory, people with borderline personality disorder are. Melanie Klein was a true legend in the field of developmental psychology known for devising therapeutic techniques for children. Melanie Klein (March 30 – September 22 ) was an Austrian-born British psychoanalyst, who devised therapeutic techniques for children with great impact .


The names of other women analysts such as Anna Freud, Karen Horney, and Helene Deutsch are probably far more familiar to you despite the fact that Melanie Klein’s contribution to psychology has been far greater than theirs. Object Relations Theory.

Melanie klien and psychology

Melanie Klein is regarded as one of the founders of `Object Relations Theory,’ a field of thought that developed from Freud’s psychodynamic theory. This collection of theories discusses the effect of the internalized relations with primary caretakers during infancy (i.e. objects), and their unconscious influence on.

Melanie Klein was an early 20th century psychologist who specialized in child psychology and helped popularize the theory of object relations. Melanie Klein was born on March 30, , in Vienna. Melanie Klein: Melanie Klein, Austrian-born British psychoanalyst known for her work with young children, in which observations of free play provided insights into the child’s unconscious fantasy life, enabling her to psychoanalyze children as young as two or three years of age. The youngest child of a Viennese. Klein, Melanie. WORKS BY KLEIN. SUPPLEMENTARY BIBLIOGRAPHY. The psychoanalyst Melanie Klein (–), nee Reizes, was born in Vienna. Her father, brought up in a strictly orthodox Jewish family and originally trained to be a student of the Talmud, broke away from this tradition at the age of 37, studied medicine, and later practiced as a dentist.
Biography of Melanie Klein