In response to the publication of this report, we decided to seek contributions to a debate on the issues raised from members of the Editorial Advisory Board of critical perspectives on international business. In seeking to ensure the immediacy and relevance of the response to the report, and to provide the broadest range of responses to it, it was decided that this paper would not be subject to the delaying and mediating processes of peer review. Neither would it be subject to editorial moderation of the content of individual contributions. As such, it offers a series of commentaries on both the report itself and on a broader range of issues that arose during the exchange of ideas.
When workers demanded additional rights and benefits in these countries, the Nike factories closed and moved to a different location that would enable them to continue operating at a low cost. They originally denied claims against them.
We had people there every day looking at quality. Clearly, we had leverage and responsibility with certain parts of the business, so why not others?
Many anti-sweatshop groups were student-led, such as the United Students Against Sweatshops. While Keady was conducting his research about Nike at St. Keady publicly refused to support Nike and was forced to resign his position as soccer coach in Throughout the s, Nike experienced rapid growth after they moved their primary branches of production overseas.
The employees were commonly the poor inhabitants of the area surrounding the factory looking for any sort of income. The heads of the factories were Nike contractors who often lived in America or Europe and did not have any sort of relations with their employees. The duty of supervision was given to an upper-level factory worker.
The authority of the supervisor included enforcing rules the workers must follow and making sure that they were performing to optimal standards. The laws protecting the workers are ignored in favor of cutting costs and lowering health standards.
This is possibly because political leaders are paid off by factory supervisors in order to limit governmental interference. The leaders relayed messages to military and police units to overlook the conditions in factories so that the illegal environment could remain open and functioning.
They also were warned to watch for signs of labor activism near the factories to prevent workers from aligning with one another for better conditions. They are severely limited in the amount of time they can take off and are forced to work overtime on several occasions during the week.
Advocacy efforts[ edit ] The goals of transnational advocacy groups working on behalf of Nike factory workers are to allow workers to obtain higher wages, improve the working conditions of the factories, enable them to organization, and gain the respect of their employers. Countries such as the NetherlandsGermanyFranceand Belgiumwhere no Nike factories exist, have branches of organizations that work to better factory conditions.
In countries like IndonesiaThailandMexicoand Cambodiawhere factories are common, non-governmental organizations push anti-Nike efforts by informing the public through the media of the work environment within the plants. Advocacy groups function through donations, fundraising, and in some cases governmental funding.
There has been a rapid increase in the use of the Internet as a means of distributing information between advocacy groups. The spread of news across national boundaries allows the groups to mobilize and unify campaigns.
When laws in Indonesia were lifted in the late s, factory workers and non-governmental organizations staged many strikes at Nike factories protesting the poor working conditions.
These allies provided aide for the workers who were not paid while on strike.Nike has been blasted with allegations due to sweatshops, hazardous conditions and employees working for extremely low wages with limited or no benefits.
Nike outsources , jobs to 33 countries, and according to International labor laws they should take full responsibility for working conditions, products and employee’s. The organizations also worked with international allies such as the United States to bring about awareness in foreign, Nike began to monitor working conditions in factories that produce their products.
organized a national hunger strike in protest of their school using Nike products for athletics. Feminist groups also mobilized boycotts. Should Nike be held responsible for working conditions in foreign factories that it does not won, but where sub-contractors make products for Nike?
Although Nike may be technically removed from responsibility in some areas, it clearly has the obligation to be certain that exploitation by subcontractors do not occur.
We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow us. Nike in particular was called out for their poor working conditions in developing countries and have now turned that crisis around through their CSR efforts .
Nike in particular was called out for their poor working conditions in developing countries and have now turned that crisis around through their CSR efforts and are ranked as one of the best examples of a corporate citizen.
due to the considerable impact so many MNCs have on developing world communities. however. working in the compliance.